15 Basic things about engineering you need to know

15 Basic things about engineering you need to know

Let’s understand what is Engineering Make sure to read till the end.

Engineering is the application of science, mathematics, and technology to design, develop, and maintain structures, machines, systems, and processes to solve real-life problems


Engineering is a diverse and exciting field that encompasses a wide range of disciplines, from mechanical and electrical engineering to civil and software engineering. Whether you’re a student just starting out on your engineering journey or an experienced engineer looking to stay up-to-date with the latest advancements in your field, there’s always something new to learn.

In this comprehensive blog post, we’ll cover all the topics that students commonly have doubts about in the field of engineering. From the basics of engineering to advanced concepts and applications, we’ll provide you with the information you need to succeed in this exciting field.

Engineering- istock

What is Engineering?


Engineering is the application of science, mathematics, and technology to design, develop, and maintain structures, machines, systems, and processes. The goal of engineering is to create practical solutions to real-world problems and to improve the quality of life for people around the world.

Best Branches of Engineering:

Engineering is a diverse field with numerous areas of specialization. Here are some of the most popular fields of engineering:

Mechanical Engineering: 

 Mechanical Engineering Images  Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest fields of engineering, and it deals with the design, development, and maintenance of mechanical systems, such as engines, turbines, and machines. Mechanical engineers are involved in developing and testing new technologies, as well as designing and manufacturing products

Electrical Engineering: 

 Electrical Engineering images

Electrical engineering deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. It involves the design and development of electrical systems, such as power generation, transmission, and distribution systems. Electrical engineers work on projects related to power generation, renewable energy, and automation systems.

Civil Engineering: 

Civil Engineering images 

Civil engineering is focused on the design, construction, and maintenance of infrastructure, such as buildings, roads, bridges, and water systems. Civil engineers work on projects related to transportation, construction, and urban planning.

Electronics Engineering:

Electrical Engineering images 

Electronics engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the study, design, development, and application of electronic devices, systems, and circuits. It involves the use of electronics to design and develop various electrical systems, including communication systems, power electronics, signal processing, control systems, and instrumentation

Chemical Engineering: 

Chemical Engineering Images 

Chemical engineering is concerned with the design and development of chemical processes and equipment, such as reactors, heat exchangers, and distillation columns. Chemical engineers work on projects related to the production of chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and consumer goods

Aerospace Engineering: 

Aerospace Engineering images

Aerospace engineering deals with the design, development, and maintenance of aircraft and spacecraft. Aerospace engineers work on projects related to space exploration, aircraft design, and propulsion systems

Computer Engineering: 

Computer Science Engineering images 

Computer engineering is a branch of engineering that focuses on the design, development, and maintenance of computer systems and networks. Computer engineers work on projects related to software development, hardware design, and cybersecurity.

Biomedical Engineering: 

Bio Medical Engineering images

Biomedical engineering combines the principles of engineering with the fields of biology and medicine. Biomedical engineers work on projects related to medical equipment, prosthetics, and medical imaging

Environmental Engineering: 

 Environmental engineering images 

Environmental engineering is focused on the design, development, and implementation of solutions to environmental problems, such as pollution and waste management. Environmental engineers work on projects related to air quality, water resources, and sustainable energy.

These are just a few of the many fields of engineering that are available to students. Each field has its unique challenges and opportunities, and students should choose a field that aligns with their interests and goals

Education and Training for Engineers

To become an engineer, you typically need to earn a bachelor’s degree in engineering or a related field. Many universities offer engineering programs, and some also offer graduate-level degrees in engineering.

In addition to formal education, engineers often pursue additional training and certification in their specific field of specialization. For example, a mechanical engineer might pursue certification in computer-aided design (CAD), while an electrical engineer might pursue certification in power systems.

Skills Needed for a Career in Engineering

  • To succeed as an engineer, you need a strong foundation in math, science, and technology.
  • You also need strong problem-solving skills, as engineering involves identifying and solving complex problems.
  • Other important skills for engineers include strong communication skills, teamwork and collaboration, attention to detail, and the ability to think creatively and outside the box.

Career Paths in Engineering

A degree in engineering can lead to a wide range of career opportunities. Some of the most common career paths for engineers include:

Research and Development:

Engineers working in research and development focus on designing and testing new products, systems, and processes.

Design and Manufacturing:

Engineers in design and manufacturing focus on creating and producing products and systems that meet specific design specifications and quality standards.


Engineers working in consulting provide expert advice and solutions to clients in a variety of industries, including architecture, construction, and technology.


Many engineers also go on to pursue careers in management, overseeing teams of engineers and other professionals in a variety of settings.


Engineering is an exciting and rewarding field with a wide range of opportunities for students and professionals alike. Whether you’re interested in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, civil engineering, or any other field of engineering, there’s always something new to learn and explore.

By pursuing a degree in engineering and building a strong foundation in math, science, and technology, you can unlock a world of career opportunities and make a real difference in the world around you.

FAQs Related to Engineering

What are the 4 main types of engineering?

The main 4 types of engineering are Mechanical engineering, civil engineering, computer science engineering, and Electrical and electronics engineering 

Which engineering has the highest salary?

Engineering is a vast field, and salaries can vary widely depending on factors such as location, industry, level of experience, and specific subfield. However, some engineering disciplines tend to have higher average salaries than others.

According to data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, as of May 2020, the engineering disciplines with the highest median annual salaries were:

  • Petroleum engineers – $137,720
  • Computer hardware engineers – $119,560
  • Aerospace engineers – $118,610
  • Nuclear engineers – $117,040
  • Chemical engineers – $108,770

It’s worth noting that these salaries are specific to the United States and may not be representative of salaries in other countries. Additionally, these are just median salaries, so some engineers in these fields may earn more or less depending on their individual circumstances.

Which engineering will have the highest salary in the future?

list of highest-salary engineering jobs in the future

  1. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Engineer
  2. Petroleum Engineer
  3. Aerospace Engineer
  4. Software Engineer
  5. Electronics and Communication engineer
  6. Chemical engineer
  7. Big Data Engineer
  8. Nuclear Engineer
  9. Civil Engineer
  10. Electrical engineer

Why engineering is a good career choice?

Engineering is a good career for many reasons, including:

  • High Demand: Engineering is a highly in-demand field with a wide range of opportunities available in different industries such as technology, manufacturing, energy, aerospace, construction, and many more.
  • High Salaries: Engineers typically earn higher salaries compared to many other professions due to their specialized skill set and high demand.
  • Job Satisfaction: Engineers have the opportunity to work on exciting and challenging projects that have a real-world impact, which can lead to high job satisfaction.
  • Flexibility: Engineering offers a wide range of career paths and opportunities for growth, allowing individuals to tailor their career to their interests and goals.
  • Continuous Learning: Engineering is a field that requires continuous learning and staying up-to-date with new technologies and advancements, providing the opportunity for personal and professional growth.
  • Problem Solving: Engineering is all about finding solutions to complex problems, which can be intellectually stimulating and rewarding.
  • Job Security: With increasing demand for engineers across many industries, job security is generally considered high in the field of engineering.

Overall, engineering is a challenging and rewarding career that offers many opportunities for growth, job satisfaction, and financial stability.

Will engineers be replaced by robots or AI?

It is unlikely that engineers will be completely replaced by robots and AI anytime soon.

While some routine engineering tasks can be automated, engineers bring creativity, critical thinking, problem-solving skills, and a human touch to the design and development process that cannot be replicated by machines.

Additionally, many engineering jobs require a strong understanding of the social and ethical implications of technology, which requires a human perspective.

While robots and AI may automate some aspects of engineering, they cannot replace the unique skills and abilities that human engineers bring to the field.

What do you study in engineering?

Engineering is a broad field that encompasses many different areas of study. However, most engineering programs cover the following core topics:

  1. Mathematics: Engineering programs typically require a strong foundation in calculus, linear algebra, and differential equations.
  2. Physics: Engineers need a strong understanding of physics principles like mechanics, electromagnetism, and thermodynamics.
  3. Chemistry: Many engineering disciplines require a basic understanding of chemistry principles, such as material properties and chemical reactions.
  4. Computer Science: Computer skills are essential in modern engineering, and engineering programs often include coursework in programming, algorithms, and computer-aided design.
  5. Materials Science: Understanding the properties of different materials is critical in many engineering disciplines, and courses in materials science cover topics like mechanics of materials, properties of metals, and composites.
  6. Design and Problem Solving: Engineers need to be skilled at designing and implementing solutions to complex problems, and engineering programs typically include courses in design methodology, project management, and systems engineering.
  7. Electives in Specific Engineering Disciplines: In addition to the core topics, engineering students typically take electives in their chosen area of study, such as civil engineering, electrical engineering, or mechanical engineering.

Overall, engineering programs provide a strong foundation in mathematics, science, and design, as well as specialized knowledge in specific engineering disciplines.

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